Monday, 21 May 2018

Pediatric Care For Urology Issues

Many children face urinary issues. Most of the times, they are considered trivial and ignored. For example, many parents think that conditions like bedwetting are just bad habits and they will cease when the children grow older. It can be true in many cases but not always. So, instead of waiting for the situation to get serious, the child should be taken to a urologist for counselling and treatment if required.. Timely treatment is the key to recovery for any sorts of diseases. Parents ought to know more about various urology conditions in children. Here is a brief study of the most commonly seen urology issues in children.

Common Urology issues

Infection: Urinary tract infection though common in adult population, is less frequent in children. It is comparatively more in female children than male. Cry while voiding urine, fever are common symptoms. “ All urinary tract infection in children needs closer look and should be  investigated  for the cause of it.

Phimosis: Phimosis is “tight foreskin’ is  normal  in children till the age of 1 year.  The foreskin can’t be pulled back from  the tip of the penis. Pain, Ballooning of the foreskin, difficulty urinating, swelling of the tip of the penis are the main symptoms. Left untreated, leads to urinary tract infection.

Congenital Hernia/ Hydrocele: Hydroceles are common in newborn infants. Painless swelling in scrotum incrses while crying and reducing while resting is the main symptoms of Hydrocele or hernia

Torsion testis: This is an emergency.The condition when a testicle rotates on its own, twisting the spermatic cord that brings blood to the scrotum is Torsion Testis. The reduced blood flow causes sudden and often severe pain and swelling. The symptom is Excruciating one-sided testicular pain, with sudden swelling. If treatment is delayed, testis will get strangulated and then it has to be removed.

peditric urology treatments bangalore

Un-descended testis: An un-descended testicle (testis) is more common in boys who are born prematurely. Testes stops short of reaching the scrotum, thus found in the groin commonly. Often mothers, while bathing the child, notice empty scrotum. They need surgical fixation of the testis.

Hypospadias: Hypospadias is a congenital condition. This condition is caused when the opening of the urethra is seen under the penis rather than at the tip. This might be associated with bent penis. This needs surgical correction.

UPJ Obstruction:  Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) is located where the pelvis of the kidney meets the ureter. UPJ obstruction occurs when that part is blocked. This leads to ballooning of the kidney and slow reduction in the function of the kidney. This may lead to  Kidney infection, Blood in urine, Poor growth in infants, Urinary tract infection.

PU valves: Posterior urethral valves are extra flaps of tissue that are in the tube that carries urine out of the urine bladder. This another congenital condition where the urine outlet is obstructed. This is best treated by early intervention.

VU reflux: Vesicoureteral reflux is the abnormal flow of urine from the bladder to the upper urinary tract. Recurrent urinary tract infection Frequent and urgent urination, Foul smelling or cloudy urine, Backache, Burning or pain while urinating are the main symptoms. this is common in female child.

When your child develops a urology issue, you need to take him/her to the doctor as soon as possible to avoid further complications. Do visit Dr. Mahendra Jain, pediatric urologist bangalore for expert care and treatment.

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Tuesday, 20 February 2018

No more panic about Urinary bladder cancer

The Urinary bladder is a hollow and flexible pouch located in the pelvic area. It carries and releases the urine through the urethra. When the bladder cells start to grow out of control urinary bladder cancer occurs.

Urinary bladder cancer symptoms

  • Frequent urination
  • Changes in the urine color
  • Feeling burning sensation while urinating
  • Feel to urinate though the bladder is not full
  • Poor urination
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Blood in the urine

Urinary Bladder Cancer treatment:

It purely depends on the stage of cancer, the severity of the symptom and overall health condition of the patient.

Stage 0-1 treatment

  • Removing tumor from the bladder with surgical intervention without removing the entire bladder
  • Administering immunotherapy or chemotherapy directly to the bladder

Stage II &III treatment

  • Removing the whole bladder and adjoining lymph nodes
  • Removing a part of the bladder and giving radiation and chemotherapy
  • Applying chemotherapy for tumor shrinkage before the surgery
  • Administering both chemo and radiotherapy in patients who cannot undergo surgery
Patients who suffer from Stage IV cancer will not be recommended for surgery. In such cases, chemotherapy is administered.


For stage 0-1 patients (early stage), chemotherapy is given directly to the bladder with the help of a Foley catheter for delivering the medicine. For the patients with Stage 2-3, chemotherapy is administered before or after surgery in order to prevent tumor relapse. Stage 4 patients are provided with intravenous chemotherapy medication. The most common side effects of chemotherapy treatment are bladder wall irritation and painful urination.

Urinary Bladder Cancer surgery

Transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB): 

This method is used to diagnose and remove the cancerous tissues from the bladder. Under general anesthesia or epidural injection, the surgery is performed. During the TURB surgery, a cystoscope is introduced into the bladder through the urethra, using a resectoscope tumor is removed for biopsy purpose and the remaining cancer cells are burnt. As the cancer relapse is expected after surgery, repeated TURB is required sometimes.

Radical Cystectomy: 

Most of the Stage II-III patients are performed with bladder removal and sometimes a part is removed. After the surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are advised to avoid relapse.

Continent urinary reservoir: 

Using an intestinal piece, a pouch is created to collect the urine. The patient needs to insert a tube into the opening of the skin to drain the urine from the pouch.
Dr. Mahendra Jain is an iconic Urologist in Bangalore who has been treating all kinds of urinary problems from UTI to tumor in an effective way.
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Tuesday, 26 December 2017

What would happen if a kidney stone is left untreated?

Kidney stones are the hard, crystalline mineral material which is developed in the kidney or urinary tract area in the body. Kidney stones are also known as Nephrolithiasis. The possibility of developing kidney stones increases when the body is developing the little amount of urine or when a high volume of stone making material is present in the urine. Dr. Mahendra Jain is one of the best urologists in the Bangalore. Dr. Jain provides best treatment facilities to remove kidney stone effectively.

What are the causes of developing kidney stones?

Kidney stones are a common condition and can affect many people. The causes of developing kidney stones are
  • Dehydration
  • Protein, sugar or sodium-rich diet
  •  Obesity
  • High volume of body mass index
  • Some diseases such as diarrhea
  • Certain conditions such as infections in urinary tract, renal tubular acidosis

When kidney stones need medical attention?

Kidney stones need medical attention, when
  • Pain is severe
  • Blood in urine
  • Problem in urine passing
  • Vomiting and nausea with pain
  • Fever and chills with pain

Which diagnostic tests are used to detect kidney stones?

There are many diagnostic tests available to detect the problem. Diagnostic tests for kidney stones include urinalysis, spiral CT scan, Ultrasound, X-ray and intravenous pyelogram.
What are the treatment options available for kidney stones?
The treatment for kidney stones is quite common and have a high success rate. The Treatment methods for kidney stones include
  • Drugs and medications
  •  Pain relievers
  • Medical therapy
  • Ureteroscopic removal of stone
  • Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL)
  • Parathyroid gland surgery
  • percutaneous nephrolithotomy (surgically removing stones)

What are the benefits of treatment?

The benefits of treatment are
  • painless urination
  • Removal of foul smell in the urine
  • lower the pain in abdomen area

Kidney stones need to be removed from the body. Drinking a lot of water every day is best to naturally remove stones. Dr. Mahendra Jain is the best choice for the treatment of painful urination. Dr. Jain has an expertise in the treatment of kidney stones by providing a proper medication, supplements to recover fast.

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Thursday, 12 October 2017

All You Should Know About Prostate Cancer

What is the Prostate?

The prostate is the walnut-shaped gland that helps the production of seminal fluid used in the transport of sperm. Prostate cancer treatment is highly successful if administered in the early stages of cancer growth.Prostate cancer is found more commonly in the older population than among young men.

It is an exocrine gland which exists directly under the bladder, in front of the rectum. The main function of the prostate is to help in the production of semen. To create semen, the prostate produces a thick white fluid that is mixed with the sperm produced by the testicles. Symptoms of Prostate cancer usually a Prostate cancer progresses very slowly, the patient will live for decades without any symptoms. When symptoms do exist, they may be one or more of the following.

  • Painful ejaculation
  • Blood in urine or semen
  • Straining to urinate
  • Need to urinate frequently
  • Painful or burning urination

A decrease in a number of fluid ejaculated Causes of Prostate Cancer The specific cause of Prostate cancer is unknown.

Prostate Cancer Treatment procedures

The prostate cancer treatment course is decided by factors like the rate of cancer growth, its spread and the overall health of the patient. The various treatment options are as follows
Radiation therapy high powered energy is used to kill cancerous cells in radiation therapy.They can be either internal or external radiation therapy. Radiation that beamed from outside the body is known as external radiation therapy and if radiation is done internally by a process called brachytherapy where rice sized radiation seeds are placed inside the prostate cells.
Hormone Therapy 
Prostate cancer occurs with the help of testosterone hormone, Blocking the presence of this hormone can lead to death or slow down of cancerous cells.This can be done with help of hormone therapy.
When the growth of cancer cannot be controlled by the above methods, surgery is used to remove the prostate gland.Treatments like prostate tissue freezing also known as cryosurgery, chemotherapy and biological therapy also called immunotherapy are used.
If you are searching the best Urologist, then Reach Dr.Mahendra Jain , one of the best and most experienced urologists and andrologist in Bangalore.He provides the effective endoscopic surgery for prostate cancer.
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Saturday, 5 August 2017

Be Aware about Urinary Tract Infection

Urinary tract infections or UTIs occur when the bacteria which enters the urinary tract through the urethra, begins to multiply in the bladder. Although, the urinary system is designed in such a way that it defends to keep out such microscopic invaders, it may sometimes fail in defending and the  bacteria may take hold and grow into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract. They can affect the kidneys, bladder, and the tubes that run between them.
What causes Urinary Tract Infection?
    UTIs are most commonly caused when the urethra (the tube which carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, which is located close to the anus)becomes invaded by  Bacteria from the large intestine, such as E. coli, are in the position to escape the anus and enter the urethra. From there, they can travel up to the bladder, and if the infection isn't treated, continue on to infect the kidneys. In women urethras are short, this allow the quick access of bacteria to the bladder, having sex may also introduce bacteria into the urinary tract and causes infection.

Symptoms of UTI

    UTI can affect any part of the urinary system (renal system), the severity of the infection is determined according to the location of the infection. The more farther up the urinary tract, the more serious will be the infection.

    There is an increased risk for urinary tract infections in pregnant women because of the changes in the urinary tract. The increasing weight of the uterus block the drainage of urine from the bladder and causes infection.

The following are the symptoms of Lower urinary tract infection:
  • Mild fever and chills
  • Bad smelling or bloody urine
  • Pain or pressure in the lower abdomen
  • More frequent urination
  • Pain or Burning sensation while urinating
  • The sensation of having to urinate urgently

 Dr Mahindra Jain is one of the eminent and experienced Urologist in Bangalore provides the best and quality Treatment for Urinary Tract Infection in Bangalore at affordable cost.

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Friday, 14 July 2017

Pelvic Organ Prolapse

    Pelvic organ prolapse is a type of hernia which causes the pelvic organs drops from its normal position in to the lower abdomen and pushes against the walls of the vagina. This pressure on the vagina may cause problems in the functioning of pelvic organs. 

Sometimes, more than one pelvic organ can prolapse at the same time. Organs that may get involved  in pelvic prolapse includes:
  •  Bladder (The most common type of pelvic organ prolapse) 
  •  Vagina
  •  Small bowel
  •  Urethra
  •  Uterus 
  •  Rectum

What causes pelvic organ prolapse?

    The main cause of pelvic organ prolapse is the strain during childbirth. In a normal healthy body the pelvic organs are kept in place by the muscles and tissues in the lower belly. But after a childbirth these muscles may get stretched or weakened and if these muscles fail to recover, those muscles may no longer be able to support  pelvic organs. Pelvic organ prolapse may also caused due to surgery to remove your uterus (hysterectomy).  It may sometimes result in less support of other organs in the pelvic area.
The following are some other causes of Pelvic organ prolapse which be because of the pressure that puts on your belly:
  • Pelvic organ tumors. 
  • A long-lasting cough.
  • Frequent constipation
  • Being very overweight (obesity).

What are the symptoms of Pelvic organ prolapse?

Symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse may get worse by standing, jumping, and lifting and usually are relieved by lying down. The most common symptoms of pelvic organ prolapse include:
  • Pelvic pressure. 
  • Stretching or pulling in the groin area 
  • a low backache.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Bleeding or spotting from the vagina.
  • Urinary problems, like as involuntary release of urine (incontinence)
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate, especially at night.
  • A feeling as if something is actually falling out of the vagina
  • Problems with bowel movements, such as constipation
    Dr Mahendra Jain who is one of the best urologist and andrologist in Banglore who works as a consultant urologist at Fortis Hospital and Mahaveer Jain hospital in Bangalore.The doctor provides comprehensive urology care with cutting edge technology at cost effective rates.


Wednesday, 14 June 2017

How To Get Rid Of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection?

A urinary tract infection is  the second most common type of infections, it affects urethra, ureters, kidneys or bladder. Women are having higher chance of getting urinary tract infection than men. 

What causes UTI?

About 90% of Urinary tract infections are caused by a type of bacteria called Escherichia Coli (commonly known as E. Coli). These bacteria which commonly live in the colon around the anus, moves to the opening of the urethra and causes infection. Improper wiping and sexual intercourse are the most common causes for the invasion of this bacteria.

Dr Mahendra Jain is an well experienced and eminent Urology specialist in India.

Symptoms of UTI

UTI can affect any part of the urinary system (renal system), the severity of the infection is determined according to the location of the infection. The more farther up the urinary tract, the more serious will be the infection. There is an increased risk for urinary tract infections in pregnant women because of the changes in the urinary tract. The increasing weight of the uterus block the drainage of urine from the bladder and causes infection.

The following are the symptoms of Lower urinary tract infection:
  • Mild fever and chills
  • Bad smelling or bloody urine
  • Pain or pressure in the lower abdomen
  • More frequent urination
  • Pain or Burning sensation while urinating
  • The sensation of having to urinate urgently

The upper urinary tract infection symptoms includes:
  • High fever
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Shaking chills
  • Severe pain in the back or side
The symptoms of UTI in infants and children includes:
  • Infants: Fever, Poor feeding, diarrhea
  • Children: unexplained fever, change in urinating pattern, irritability, eating poorly

How to Prevent UTIs?

With the following tips, we can prevent UTI to an extent.
  • Drink lots of water
  • Empty the bladder completely as soon as you need to go
  • Wipe from front to back
  • Urinate and cleanse the genital after sex
  • Always keep genital area dry by wearing cotton under wear and loose fitting cloth
Dr Mahendra Jain who is the Consultant Urologist, of Fortis Hospital and Mahaveer Jain Hospital provides the apt and best  UTI treatment in Bangalore by diagnosing the Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms of the patients.

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