Saturday, 15 October 2016

Prostate Cancer Treatment in Bangaloe

What is a Prostate Cancer? Where does it occur?

Prostate cancer, also known as carcinoma of the prostate, is the development of cancer in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. Most prostate cancers are slow growing; however, some grow relatively quickly. The cancer cells may spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, particularly the bones and lymph nodes. It may initially cause no symptoms.

The prostate is a part of the male reproductive organ. It’s seen below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate changes with respect to age. It’s the size of a walnut in younger men and grows larger with age. Cancer is when the cells of the body continue to multiply and go out of control. Similarly, Prostrate Cancer is when the cells of the prostate grow uncontrollably.  

What are the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer? 

Many incidences of prostate cancer go unrecognized. Most men die of old age even before they or their doctors realize that have prostate cancer. Many times, the cancer is diagnosed in the autopsy. 

Some indications of prostate cancer are: 

* Pain: In pelvis, hips, spine and or upper legs
* Pain during ejaculation (release of sperm/semen)
* Blood in semen or urine
* Problems in Urination: Frequency of urination, thin stream, start and stop of urine during urination, difficulty while starting urination, pain experienced at night, burning urination with pain. 
These symptoms are also seen in people suffering from benign prostate cancer. 

What are the possible Treatments of Prostate Cancer? 

Active Surveillance: This is a choice made after ruling out the intensity and spread of cancer. In certain situations, the doctor might want to put the patient under surveillance. There may be many underlying reasons for that. It is an option in some cases to secure the potency, avoid further complications associated with high blood pressure, uncontrolled diabetes, heart diseases and more. In certain cases, it may be easy to say that the progression of the disease may be slow, and the patient might have a shorter life expectancy. 

Surgery: The surgical approach involves the removal of a part or whole prostate. This is preferred with individuals who are in the end-stage of the disease. In cases of the early-stage of cancer, the entire prostate plus some surrounding tissue is also removed. There are various techniques related to Prostate Surgery. They are 
* Laparoscopic
* Nerve-Sparing

Radiation Therapy: This therapy can be used in initial stages as well as in advanced or recurrent prostate cancer. It is done by exposing the cancer cells to direct radioactive exposure.

What are the different types of Radiation Therapy?

1. Brachytherapy
2. Proton Therapy
3. External Beam Radiation Therapy

Hormone Therapy: Prostate cancer cells need fuel to grow and they proliferate in the presence of testosterone. To reduce the spread and growth of cancer cells, the hormone testosterone is targeted. In this case, androgen-deprivation therapy is used, which stops the release of testosterone.

Chemotherapy: It is a procedure when drugs are used to stop the growth, spread, and division of cancer cells. This is used in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer.
Meet Dr. Mahendra Jain of Urologist from Bangalore, if you would like to know more on Treatments of Prostate Cancer in India. Please call to consult our urologist who is put in Bangalore.

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